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MAMMALS

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PRIMATES

Brown Woolly Monkey

Family: Atelidae

Common Name : Mono Chorongo

Scientific Name : Lagothrix lagotricha

The brown woolly monkeys is one of the four species of woolly monkey which is the genus Lagothrix of New World monkeys, usually placed in the family Atelidae. They originate from the rainforests of South America includes north part of Ecuador. They have prehensile tails. Their tails are very long and thick and a strong enough to support the animals' full body weight. They have coat colour variations including dark brown, red-brown, gray and olive. Their diets consist of fruit with an addition of leaves, seeds, flowers and invertebrates. Gestation period is 220 days and breastfeeding lasts 6 months to one year. Females give birth to 1 young at a time every 2 years from 6 to 8 years of age. They can live up to 20-30 years in captivity. Their conservation status is Vulnerable in Threatened category according to UICN.

Capuchin Monkey

Family : Cebidae

Common Name: Capuchino, Machin, Mico

Scientific Name: Cebus albifrons

Capuchin Monkey

All species of capuchin tend to have a rather similar diet in broad terms; they are omnivores, eating fruits and small invertebrates, small vertebrates and birds' eggs. They have an ability to manipulate objects and they examine with curiosity. Gestation period is 180 days and breastfeeding lasts 6 months to one year. Females gives birth to 1 young at a time every year. They can live up to 30 years in captivity. The Capuchin Monkey is the least concerned species, according to UICN.

Brown-mantled tamarin

Family: Cebidae

Common Name: Mono Chichico

Scientific Name: Saguinus fuscicollis

Brown-mantled Tamarin

The brown-mantled tamarin (Saguinus fuscicollis), also known as the saddleback tamarin or the Andean saddle-back tamarin, is a species of tamarin from South America. They have a small tail which they use to regulate their balance. Their diet consists on fruits, insects, flowers, nectar, insects and small invertebrates. Gestation period is 135 days and breastfeeding lasts 1 month. Females give birth to 1 young at a time per year. They can live up to 10 years in captivity. Brown-mantled tamarin is not a threatened species, but their conservation status is very closed to threatened category under the Least Concern category according to the IUCN.

Spider Monkey

Family: Atelidae

Common Name: Mono Araña

Scientific Name: Ateles belzebuth

Spider Monkey

The Spaider Monkey live in groups of 20 to 40 individuals. It can grow to sizes of 50 cm. They live in Tropical. Their diet consists on mainly fruits, with a wide variety of ripe fruits, and also eat leaves too. The main threat is hunting by humans because they eat away ripe fruits in the orchard. Gestation period is 220 days and breastfeeding lasts 3-4 months. Females give birth to 1 young at a time. They can live up to 30-40 years in captivity. Their conservation status is Endangered in Threatened category according to UICN.

Common Squirrel Monkey

Family: Cebidae

Common Name: Mono Barizo, Ardilla

Scientific Name: Saimiri sciureus

Common Squirrel Monkey

Posee cola larga, no prensil. De hábitos diurnos, forma grupos que, dependiendo del ambiente en que se encuentren, pueden tener desde 10 hasta unos 500 individuos. Se alimenta de frutos, insectos, flores, néctar, insectos y pequeños invertebrados. La gestación dura 165 días y la lactancia 6 meses. Tienen 1 cría por parto. Pueden vivir hasta 20 años en cautiverio. Su estado de conservación es de preocupación menor según la UICN

CATS

Ocelot

Family: Felidae

Common Name: Ocelote

Scientific Name: Leopardus pardalis

Ocelot

The Ocelot is widely distributed in the Americas. They have big ears with a wonderful sense of hearing, and big, expressive eyes. Ocelot feeds on small and medium sized mammals such as opossums, monkeys, bats and others. They are crepuscular and nocturnal habits. Ocelot's gestation lasts 79-85 days, and usually produces one to 4 babies. They can live up to 20 years in captivity. Its conservation status is 'least concern' within the category of the same name, according to UICN

Cougar

Familia: Felidae

Nombre Común: Puma, león de la selva

Nombre Científico: Puma concolor

Cougar

The cougar, also known as the puma, is a large cat of the family Felidae native to the Americas. The cougar is the greatest of any large wild terrestrial mammal in the Western Hemisphere after the jaguar. Despite its size, it is not typically classified among the "big cats", as it cannot roar, lacking the specialized larynx and hyoid apparatus of Panthera. Compared to "big cats", cougars are often silent with minimal communication through vocalizations outside of the mother-offspring relationship. Cougars sometimes voice low-pitched hisses, growls, and purrs, as well as chirps and whistles, many of which are comparable to those of domestic cats. The cougar will eat any animal it can catch, from insects to large ungulates, includes mice, porcupines, hares, Birds and small reptiles. In Ecuador they live in the tropics and subtropics. It is secretive and crepuscular, being most active around dawn and dusk. They typically average 2 to 3litter every two to three years throughout their reproductive lives, the gestation period is approximately 90 days. their lactation lasts 6 months. They can live up to 10 years in captivity. The cougar is the least concerned species, according to UICN.

Jaguar

Familia: Felidae

Common Name: Jaguar, tigre

Scientific Name: Panthera onca

Jaguar

The Jagur is strict carnivore and prefer large preys, such as capybaras, tapirs, peccaries and sometimes deer, but also hunt alligators and anacondas. Jagur have an exceptionally powerful bite that allows them to pierce the shells of armored reptiles.They live in rain forests of Central and South America that are open and flooded wetlands. They have crepuscular and nocturnal habits. Their main threat is habitat destruction and hunting and are very haunted by the destruction of their habitat and fur trade. Gestation period is 100 days and breastfeeding lasts 6 months. Females give birth to 1-4 young at a time. They can live up to 20 years in captivity. Its conservation status is near threatened under the category Least Concern according to UICN

MAMMALIA

Kinkajou

Family: Procyonidae

Common Name: Cusumbo

Scientific Name: Potos flavus

The Kinkajou is nocturnal. An adult kinkajou weighs 2–5 kg and The adult body length is 42–58 cm. Their omnivorous diet consists mainly of fruit. They primarily eat fruit, invertebrates, other small animals and bird's eggs. To eat softer fruits they hold it with their forepaws, then scoop out the succulent pulp with their long tongue. Kinkajous particularly enjoy honeys. Kinkajous range from east and south of the Sierra Madres in Mexico, throughout Central American to Bolivia east of the Andes and the Atlantic Forest of southeastern Brazil. Kinkajous breed throughout the year, giving birth to one after a gestation period of 105 days.The breastfeeding lasts 3 months. They can live up to 9-12 years in captivity. The capybara is not a threatened species, but their conservation status is very closed to threatened category under the Least Concern category according to the IUCN.

CABEZA DE MATE

Tayra

Family: Mustelidae

Common Name: Cabeza de Mate, comadreja

Scientific Name: Eira barbara

Tayras have long claws and sharp canines, their feet are webbed. Tayras are omnivorous, are feeding on everything especially small mammals, reptiles, eggs, birds, insects and sometimes fruit. They live in tropical and subtropical regions, in forests and lush green forests. Females give birth to 1-3 babies at once after gestation period lasts 120 days. lactation lasts two months. They can live up to 12 years in captivity. Its conservation status is Least Concern, according to UICN.

COATI AMAZONICO

South-american Coati “Cuchucho”

Family: Procyonidae

Common Name: Coatí Amazónico, cuchucho

Scientific Name: Nasua nasua

South-american Coati Cuchucho

The South-american coati, or ring-tailed coati (Nasua nasua), is a species of coati from tropical and subtropical South America. They are diurnal animals, and they live both on the ground and in trees. They typically live in the forest near by pond or river. They deftly move through the branches like a monkey, using its long tail. They are omnivorous and primarily eat fruit, invertebrates, other small animals and bird's eggs. Gestation period is 75 days and breastfeeding lasts 4 months. Females give birth to 2-7 young at a time. They can live up to 15 years in captivity. The capybara is not a threatened species, according to UICN.

PUERCO DE MONTE

Collared peccary

Family: Tayassuidae

Common Name: Pecarí de collar, sahino, puerco de monte

Scientific Name: Pecari tajacu

The collared peccary is a widespread creature found throughout much of the tropical and subtropical Americas, ranging from the Southwestern United States to northern Argentina in South America. Collared peccaries normally feed on fruits, roots, tubers, palm nuts, grasses, invertebrates, and small vertebrates. Collared peccaries are diurnal creatures that live in groups of one to 20 individuals, averaging between six and 9 members. Collared peccary gestation lasts 135 days, and usually produces one to 3 babies. Breastfeeding nomally lasts 2-3months. They can live up to 20years in captivity. The capybara is not a threatened species, according to UICN.

White-lipped peccary

Family: Tayassuidae

Common Name: Pecarí de labio blanco, sahino,puerco de monte

Scientific Name: Tayassu pecari

White-lipped Peccary

White-lipped Peccary has, on average, a height of 55 cm and a length of 1 m. White-lipped Peccary are characterized by a white markings that start below the snout and run to the cheek area just below the eyes. de todas las especies de pecaríes ésta es la que más prefiere la fronda cerrada y los ámbitos per húmedos. females give birth to 1-3 babies at a same time after the period of gestation that usually lasts 140 days, and breastfeeding lasts 3 months. They can live to 20 years in captivity. It's condition is ALMOST threatened, according to UICN.

TAPIRES – CAPIBARAS - GUATUSA

South-american Tapir

Family: Tapiridae

Common Name: Tapir amazónico, danta

Scientific Name: Tapirus terrestris

South-american Tapir

South-american Tapirs live in rainforests and swamps and near rivers, from sea level up to 1,700 m, are good swimmers. South-american Tapirs are herbivorous and use their prehensible nose to eat leaves, branches, fruits, etc.. Aun siendo la especie más abundante de tapir se encuentra en muchos puntos en regresión. The tapir is endangered recognized from the June 2, 1970. The risk is due to poaching for their meat and hide, and habitat destruction. Female gives birth to a single young after a gestation period of 13 months. They can live up to 25-30 years in captivity. Its conservation status is vulnerable according to UICN.

Capybara

Family: Caviidae

Common Name: Capibara, cuy de monte

Scientific Name: Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris

Capybara

The capybara is the largest rodent in the world. Capybaras are semi-aquatic mammals found in densely forested areas near bodies of water, such as lakes, rivers, swamps, ponds, and marshes,as well as flooded savannah and along rivers in tropical forest. Capybara have flourished in cattle ranches. They are crepuscular. Passing the hot day in holes in the mud or inside the water. They can make dog-like barks when threatened or when females are herding young. Though quite agile on land (capable of running as fast as a horse),Capybaras are equally at home in the water. They are excellent swimmers, and can remain completely submerged for up to five minutes, an ability they use to evade predators. Capybaras are herbivores, grazing mainly on grasses and aquatic plants, as well as fruit and tree bark. While they do sometimes live solitarily, they are more commonly found in groups that average 6–20 individuals, with two to four adult males, four to seven adult females and the rest juveniles. Capybara gestation is 110–150 days, and usually produces a litter of four capybara babies, but may produce between 2-8 in a single litter.Within a week, the young can eat grass, but will continue to suckle—from any female in the group—until weaned at about 16 weeks. They can live up to 5-10years in captivity. According to UICN, the capybara is not a threatened species, though it is hunted for its meat and hide.

Black Agouti

Familia: Dasyproctidae

Nombre Común: Guatusa

Nombre Científico: Dasyprocta fuliginosa

Guatusa

Black agoutis are crepuscular and nocturnal. their main food is fruit, especially palms, but also consume seeds, some herbs and tubers. Black agoutis adapt very well to the changes made by man, even though are intensively hunted by for their meat. Each female has two deliveries per year, in each of which two pups born (sometimes 3 or even 4).   Gestation lasts 98-110 days and breastfeeding three months.   Having from 2 to 4 pups. They can live up to 8-10 years in captivity. Its conservation status is least concern, according to UICN

PERRO DE MONTE

Bush Dog

Family: Canidae

Common Name: Perro de monte/selvático

Scientific Name: Speothos venaticus

Bush dogs live in groups of 4-12 individuals and remains in acoustic contact with the other components of the group.. Bush dogs hunt various animals collectively toward evening from daytime. for which remains continuous acoustic contact with others in the group. Their voice sounds like a slight buzz or hum. Ranked sleeping abandoned burrows of other species. They are excellent swimmer and can capture prey in the water used to bathe in warm daytime hours. They are good diggers and can dig 1 m in 30 minutes. Gestation lasts between 76 and 83 days, they have 2-6 cubs in the breeding of the male actively participates. Lactation lasts two months. By the year, reached sexual maturity. Can live up to 10 years. Its conservation status is least concern according to UICN.